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FRM – 92095: Oracle JInitiator version too low. Please install version 1.1.8.2 or higher

FRM – 92095: Oracle JInitiator version too low. Please install version 1.1.8.2 or higher

Jika anda menggunakan MAC OS X, apakah anda pernah mendapatkan pesan error pada saat ingin mengakses sebuah web berbasis Java? Pesannya adalah sebagai berikut : "FRM - 92095: Oracl ...

smart city pariaman kota

smart city pariaman kota

smart city pariama  kota ...

Link backbone Mentawai

Link backbone Mentawai

untuk optimalisasi trafik ke mentawai telkom meningkatkan layanannya dengan mengupgrade bacbone dari vsat scpc ke RADIO CERAGON. Hop radio dari bukittinggi ke mentawai ME-D1-BKTA-- ...

Mini ring unand  using omni switch and L3 HP dengan metro satu metro dengan 2 port beda

Mini ring unand using omni switch and L3 HP dengan metro satu metro dengan 2 port beda

ini di karenakan link nya menjadi prioritas karena kampus ini makai bw nya cuku gede. yah alih2 ini untuk meminimalkan ggnnya. yah supaya pelanggan puas. bikin 2 homing transport : ...

Osi Layer and TCPIP

Osi Layer and TCPIP

      Switching concept   ...

Node Protection for MPLS TE Tunnels

Link Protection guarantees protection against link-failures. The failure could be due to link itself or failure of the node. This article covers node protection (also called NNHOP or next next-hop FRR) for MPLS TE tunnels which takes care of link failure as well as node failure. In figure 1, a DiffServ TE is setup between PE1 and PE6 routers with a reservation of 8Mbps for Class Type 0, along the path PE1-P ...

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Link Protection for MPLS TE Tunnels

Link protection refers to the ability to protect traffic being forwarded on an LSP when a link along the LSP fails. To protect against the failure of a link, a backup tunnel is set up around the link. Figure 1 shows a sample network which has one LSP from PE1 to PE5 router along the path PE1-P2-P4-PE5. Link P2-P4 must be protected by a backup tunnel taking the path P2-P3-P4. The values on the link represent ...

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RSVP-TE for P2MP LSPs

Point-to-multipoint (P2MP) LSPs carry traffic from one ingress point to several egress points. Using P2MP LSPs, traffic is multicast from one source to multiple destinations in a bandwidth efficient manner, without the ingress having to send separate copies to each receiver. Using RSVP-TE, provides the ingress router of P2MP LSP control over the path taken by the traffic and allows bandwidth guarantees to b ...

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DiffServ TE

The MPLS TE Basics article showed how MPLS TE sets up an LSP along links with available resources, thus ensuring bandwidth is always available for a particular flow and avoiding congestion. Optimization is achieved by allowing LSPs not to follow the shortest paths, if resources are not sufficient along the shortest path. However, MPLS TE does not take into account QoS (Class of Service CoS or IP DSCP). MPLS ...

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Cost Calculation of IGP routes over TE tunnels

By default, MPLS TE uses TE metrics of the links to route TE tunnels. However, by default TE metrics are same as the IGP metrics. To change this default behaviour of using TE metrics of the links to route TE tunnels over to IGP, use tunnel mpls traffic-eng path-selection metric <igp | te> command from Tunnel interface configuration mode. To change TE metric for a TE tunnel, use mpls traffic-eng admini ...

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OSPF Extensions for MPLS TE

Three new LSAs were defined called¬†Opaque LSAs. Opaque LSA type 9 has a flooding scope limited to local-link. Opaque LSA type 10 has a flooding scope limited to the area (intra-area) and Opaque LSA type 11 has a flooding scope that is autonomous system wide (inter-area like LSA type 5). MPLS TE uses LSA type 10 for intra-area MPLS TE. A new bit was defined¬†‚ÄėO‚Äô¬†in the Options field of OSPF Hello packet heade ...

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MPLS TE Basics

MPLS TE Overview Traditional IP routing is based on forwarding the traffic to the destination as quickly as possible. As a result, the routing protocols find out the shortest path to the destination based on the cost of the link (also called metric) that the packet is forwarded. Further, the IP packets are forwarded on a per-hop basis i.e. every router (hop) forwards the packet based on the destination IP a ...

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Interarea TE tunnels

In MPLS TE Basics article, we examined how link attributes are gathered, how a path is computed based on user-defined constraints and how it is signaled. One of the limitations is that the TE LSP path is computed for single IGP area only due to lack of visibility of the topology in other IGP areas. In OSPF, the ABR hides the topology between two areas. This causes a problem in large networks where multiple ...

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Per-VRF MPLS-TE Tunnels

This is a solution to route traffic from different VRFs to different MPLS-TE tunnels rather than making all VRFs traffic to go through a single MPLS-TE tunnel. Network topology: Since TE tunnels will be configured PE-to-PE, no LDP is required. RSVP-TE will be used to exchange labels. However, LDP must be enabled on MPLS TE tunnels. This is required so that labels can be exchanged for Loopback11 and Loopback ...

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P2MP MPLS TE over DMVPN

This example demonstrates setting up P2MP MPLS TE using RSVP-TE over IP-based DMVPN network. DMVPN Configuration In figure 1, an mGRE tunnel is setup between Hub, Spoke1 and Spoke2 routers. The Hub router acts as the Next-Hop Server (NHS). The address of NHS is manually configured on the Spoke routers. Both Spoke routers (also called Next-Hop Clients NHCs) register their NBMA and Tunnel IP addresses to the ...

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